In Denmark, which has a population of about 6 million people, cancer is the top cause of death. More than 45,000 cancer cases were diagnosed in 2019 alone. Fortunately, the most current figures show that cancer survival in Denmark has increased significantly. Nonetheless, many survivors’ quality of life is harmed by long-term repercussions and difficulties. Certain kinds of cancer are linked to a higher risk of diabetes.
A new study by researchers from Steno Diabetes Center Copenhagen, Rigshospitalet, and the University of Copenhagen’s Department of Nutrition, Exercise, and Sports revealed that a cancer diagnosis was linked to an increased chance of getting diabetes. The study is based on unique epidemiological data from the CopLab Database, which is kept by the Center for General Practice at the University of Copenhagen’s Department of Public Health.
Certain types of cancer were shown to be more likely to raise this risk than others. “Our study demonstrates that there is an elevated risk of developing diabetes,” says Associate Professor Lykke Sylow of the University of Copenhagen’s Department of Nutrition, Exercise, and Sports, who co-authored the study with Professor Christoffer Johansen of Rigshospitalet’s National Centre for Cancer Survivorship and General Late Effects
(CASTLE) and Professor Christen Lykkegaard Andersen of the CopLab Database at the Center for General Practice.
The researchers looked at a large data set that included 112 million blood samples from 1.3 million Danes, with over 50,000 of them developing cancer. While the study does not provide conclusive answers as to why particular types of cancer are linked to a higher risk of diabetes, the researchers do offer suggestions on which future research can be based.
A wide range of cancer treatments could result in an elevated risk. The possibility of cancer spreading throughout the body exists. We are aware that cancer cells can release substances that harm organs and may raise the risk of developing diabetes. “Animal studies have suggested this,” Lykke Sylow explains.
Without diabetes, you have a better chance of surviving.
The study also demonstrates that people who are given a cancer diagnosis and then develop diabetes live shorter lives than people who do not develop diabetes while receiving cancer therapy.
“We found that cancer patients without diabetes lived longer than cancer patients with diabetes across all cancer locations,” says Professor Christoffer Johansen of Rigshospitalet.
Overall, people who develop diabetes after being diagnosed with cancer had a 21% higher mortality rate, according to the study. It’s worth mentioning that the study looked at all types of cancer and didn’t look at how diabetes affected survivability with respect to specific cancer types.
Initiatives for prevention and screening
Cancer patients are currently being screened for diabetes, although this has yet to be implemented into the healthcare system. It would be a good idea in the future if it could be demonstrated that screening cancer patients for diabetes lead to an improved quality of life and increased survival.
Our findings imply that diabetes screenings should be considered in relation to cancers where we discovered an increased risk of the condition. What are lung cancer, breast cancer, brain cancer, uterine cancer, and urinary tract cancer patients? Professor Christoffer Johansen says, “We have tremendous chances to treat diabetes, and early intervention could have an influence on specific cancer patients.”
“It could be intriguing to study if screening improves cancer patients – both in terms of their odds of survival as well as their quality of life,” says Associate Professor Lykke Sylow. It may also be able to propose other types of exercise for patients with cancer as a preventive measure, such as those that have been shown to effectively prevent and treat diabetes. “However, my recommendations should be viewed in the long run and tested,” she said.
Does cancer Increase risk of diabetes?
Treatments for cancer increase the risk of diabetes
Radiation therapy that targets cancer cells in some body parts may also kill cells that make insulin. Additionally, among the medications that elevate blood sugar levels are steroids, which are frequently used to lessen nausea during chemotherapy.
Can cancer cause high glucose levels?
A person with cancer frequently has high blood sugar (glucose) levels.
Is type 2 diabetes related to cancer?
Diabetes, especially type 2, is linked to an increased risk of some malignancies (liver, pancreas, endometrium, colon and rectum, breast, bladder). A low risk of prostate cancer is linked to diabetes. There doesn’t seem to be a link or the evidence is inconclusive for certain additional cancer sites.
Why do cancer cells need more glucose?
Your body’s cells use glucose, or blood sugar, as an energy source. But compared to normal cells, cancer cells consume around 200 times as much. The thin, flat (squamous) cells in your lungs that give rise to tumors eat up much more glucose. They require an enormous amount of sugar to support their growth.
Does sugar cause cancer to grow faster?
Sugar is not a chemical that causes cancer to develop. However, excessive sugar consumption particularly added sugars in processed foods and beverages, can cause obesity, a significant cancer risk factor. There is no proof that eating sugar causes cancer or accelerates the growth of cancer cells.
What diet is good for cancer?
The cancer diet
Cancer cannot be cured by food. Furthermore, there is insufficient evidence to support any dietary strategy, such as a vegetarian diet, in reducing the risk of cancer recurrence. Maintaining a balanced diet that includes lean proteins, fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat dairy is your best bet.
What is the best drink for cancer patients?
Consume calorie-rich liquids including fruit juice, lemonade, fruit-flavored drinks, malts, floats, soda pop, cocoa, milkshakes, smoothies, and eggnog. Drinks with nutritional supplements are practical choices.
Is Egg good for cancer patients?
In addition to selenium, eggs are a good source of the potent antioxidants lutein and zeaxanthin. Zeaxanthin and lutein have been proven to lower the risk of colon and prostate cancers, respectively, while lutein has been demonstrated to prevent the formation of cancer cells in breast and lung malignancies.
Is Avocado Good for cancer?
Phytochemicals and carotenoids, which may have anticancer qualities, are also abundant in avocados. Studies have revealed that some carotenoids may offer protection against the spread of cancer.
Can cancer patient drink coffee?
Can someone with cancer drink coffee?
Numerous studies have demonstrated that coffee consumption is linked to a lower risk of death from all causes. It is unclear if these connections are with cancer in general or with particular cancer types.
Author: Muhammad Asim